Category: Tefillah

Knowledgebase entries about Jewish prayer, synagogue services, Torah reading, and other ritual practices relating to communal tefillah.

B F H P S
  • Shabbat Parah

    A special Shabbat and the third of the Four Parshiyot, Shabbat Parah is the Shabbat before Shabbat ha-Chodesh. The maftir comes from Chukkat, in which the ritual of the parah adumah (red heifer) is described; the haftarah is Yechezkel 36:16-38.

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  • Shabbat Rosh Chodesh

    שבת ראש חודש – At least twice each year, Shabbat coincides with Rosh Chodesh. When this occurs, a special maftir and haftarah are read in honor of Rosh Chodesh. The maftir, Bemidbar 28:9-5, concerns the special korbanot brought for Rosh Chodesh. The haftarah is Yeshayahu 66:1-24 (today in all nuschaot, with verse 66:23 customarily repeated…

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  • Shabbat Shekalim

    A special Shabbat and the first of the Four Parshiyot, Shabbat Shekalim occurs before or on Rosh Chodesh Adar (Adar Bet in leap years). The special maftir comes from parashat Ki Tissa that describes the half-shekel tax, hence its name; the haftarah is Melachim Bet 12:1-17.

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  • Shabbat Shira

    Shabbat Shirah, one of the special Shabbatot of the year, is the Shabbat on which Parashat Beshalach, including the Song of the Sea (Shirat ha-Yam), is read. The haftarah is Shoftim 4:4-5:31, which includes the Song of Devorah.

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  • Shabbat Shuva

    Shabbat Shuvah is a special Shabbat that occurs on the Shabbat that falls during the Ten Days of Teshuvah between Rosh ha-Shanah and Yom Kippur. The haftarah, Shuvah Yisrael, which begins with the word shuva (return), is a combination of verses: Hoshea’ 14:2-10; Micha 7:18-20; Yoel 2:15-27.

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  • Shabbat Zachor

    שבת זכור – A special Shabbat and the second of the Four Parshiyot, Shabbat Zachor occurs on the Shabbat preceding Purim. The maftir comes from Ki Tetze, including the commandment to remember what Amalek did to Benei Yisrael, from which its name, Zachor (“remember”), is taken; the haftarah is Shmuel Alef 15:2-34.

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  • Special Shabbatot

    On special Shabbatot throughout the calendar year, marking holidays and occasions, the regular haftarah (and maftir) are superseded by special readings for the occasion, which relate to the themes of the time of year. Shabbat Rosh Chodesh When Shabbat coincides with Rosh Chodesh, a different haftarah is read: Yeshayahu 66:1-24, and the maftir is Bemidbar…

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