Category: Tefillah

Knowledgebase entries about Jewish prayer, synagogue services, Torah reading, and other ritual practices relating to communal tefillah.

B F H P S
Sh Sp
  • Shabbat Chazon

    The third of three special Shabbatot before Tish’ah be-Av, known as the Three of Rebuke (Telata de-Puranuta – תלתא דפורענותא), when the haftarah read is Chazon Yeshayahu, Yeshayahu 1:1–27.

    Read More

  • Shabbat ha-Chodesh

    A special Shabbat and the last of the Four Parshiyot, Shabbat ha-Chodesh (שבת החודש) is the Shabbat before on on the first of Nisan. The maftir comes from Parashat Bo, describing the first month of the year (Chodesh Nisan); the hatarah is Yechezkel 45:16-46:18. It is distinct from Shabbat Rosh Chodesh. Rarely, when one of…

    Read More

  • Shabbat ha-Gadol

    Shabbat ha-Gadol (שבת הגדול) is the Shabbat before Pesach, during which it is traditional for the rabbi to deliver a special derash (sermon). The haftarah is Malakhi 3:4-24.

    Read More

  • Shabbat Machar Chodesh

    The Shabbat immediately preceding Rosh Chodesh is called Shabbat Machar Chodesh (שבת מחר חודש) and the haftarah is 1 Shemuel 20:18-42. It is distinct from Shabbat Rosh Chodesh, Shabbat Mevarkhim, and Shabbat ha-Chodesh.

    Read More

  • Shabbat Mevarchim

    The Shabbat before a week in which Rosh Chodesh falls is called Shabbat Mevarchim (שבת מברכים) and the blessing on the new month, Birkat ha-Chodesh (ברכת החודש), is said. It is distinct from Shabbat Rosh Chodesh, Shabbat Machar Chodesh, and Shabbat ha-Chodesh.

    Read More

  • Shabbat Nachamu

    One of the special Shabbatot, Shabbat Nachamu (שבת נחמו) is the first Shabbat following Tish’ah Be-Av, and the first of the Seven Shabbatot of Consolation (Shev de-Nechamata) leading up to Rosh ha-Shannah. The haftarah, from which it gets its name, is Nachamu, Nachamu Ami, Yeshayahu 40:1-26.

    Read More

  • Shabbat Parah

    A special Shabbat and the third of the Four Parshiyot, Shabbat Parah is the Shabbat before Shabbat ha-Chodesh. The maftir comes from Chukkat, in which the ritual of the parah adumah (red heifer) is described; the haftarah is Yechezkel 36:16-38.

    Read More

  • Shabbat Rosh Chodesh

    שבת ראש חודש – At least twice each year, Shabbat coincides with Rosh Chodesh. When this occurs, a special maftir and haftarah are read in honor of Rosh Chodesh. The maftir, Bemidbar 28:9-5, concerns the special korbanot brought for Rosh Chodesh. The haftarah is Yeshayahu 66:1-24 (today in all nuschaot, with verse 66:23 customarily repeated…

    Read More

  • Shabbat Shekalim

    A special Shabbat and the first of the Four Parshiyot, Shabbat Shekalim occurs before or on Rosh Chodesh Adar (Adar Bet in leap years). The special maftir comes from parashat Ki Tissa that describes the half-shekel tax, hence its name; the haftarah is Melachim Bet 12:1-17.

    Read More

  • Shabbat Shira

    Shabbat Shirah, one of the special Shabbatot of the year, is the Shabbat on which Parashat Beshalach, including the Song of the Sea (Shirat ha-Yam), is read. The haftarah is Shoftim 4:4-5:31, which includes the Song of Devorah.

    Read More