Tag: France

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  • Provence

    Provence

    The term used by Jews to refer to the Jewish communities of what is today the southern third of modern France, encompassing the regions today called Provence, Languedoc, and the Rousillon. Major cities of Jewish Provence in the medieval period include Narbonne, Lunel, Béziers, Montpellier, Perpignan, and Avignon, among others that where home to renowned…

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  • Tzarfat

    Tzarfat

    צרפת – The Jewish community of northern France in the medieval period, part of greater Ashkenaz but known as Tzarfat in its own right. The name is taken from Ovadia 1:20, from which the term Sefarad is also drawn. With centers in Paris, Troyes, Rouen, Ramerupt, Évreux, Corbeil, Sens, Dampierre, Coucy, and other towns, this…

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  • Wissenschaft

    Wissenschaft

    Wissenschaft des Judentums—”the science of Judaism”—was a 19th-century movement in Central Europe towards the scientific, critical study of Jewish texts and subjects, which coalesced into academic Jewish studies taking place in secular Western universities alongside the study of other languages and cultures. Editions of texts as well as research produced by Wissenschaft figures continue to…

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